Surgical Operations

Surgery is an ancient medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas (for example, a perforated ear drum).
An act of performing surgery may be called a surgical procedure, operation, or simply surgery

Types of surgery
Surgical procedures are commonly categorized by urgency, type of procedure, body system involved, degree of invasiveness, and special instrumentation.

  • Based on timing: Elective surgery is done to correct a non-life-threatening condition, and is carried out at the patient’s request, subject to the surgeon’s and the surgical facility’s availability.Emergency surgery is surgery which must be done promptly to save life, limb, or functional capacity. Asemi-elective surgery is one that must be done to avoid permanent disability or death, but can be postponed for a short time.
  • Based on purpose: Exploratory surgery is performed to aid or confirm a diagnosis. Therapeutic surgery treats a previously diagnosed condition.
  • By type of procedure: Amputation involves cutting off a body part, usually a limb or digit; castration is also an example. Resection is the removal of all or part of an internal organ or part of the body. Replantation involves reattaching a severed body part. Reconstructive surgery involves reconstruction of an injured, mutilated, or deformed part of the body. Cosmetic surgery is done to improve the appearance of an otherwise normal structure. Excision is the cutting out or removal of an organ, tissue, or other body part from the patient. Transplant surgery is the replacement of an organ or body part by insertion of another from different human (or animal) into the patient. Removing an organ or body part from a live human or animal for use in transplant is also a type of surgery.
  • By body part: When surgery is performed on one organ system or structure, it may be classed by the organ, organ system or tissue involved. Examples include cardiac surgery (performed on the heart), gastrointestinal surgery (performed within the digestive tract and its accessory organs), and orthopedic surgery (performed on bones and/or muscles).
  • By degree of invasiveness: Minimally invasive surgery involves smaller outer incision(s) to insert miniaturized instruments within a body cavity or structure, as in laparoscopic surgery or angioplasty. By contrast, an open surgical procedure or laparotomy requires a large incision to access the area of interest.
  • By equipment used:Laser surgery involves use of a laser for cutting tissue instead of a scalpel or similar surgical instruments. Microsurgery involves the use of an operating microscope for the surgeon to see small structures. Robotic surgery makes use of a surgical robot, such as the Da Vinci or the Zeus surgical systems, to control the instrumentation under the direction of the surgeon.

Some conditions that may need surgery includes:

  • Hernia
  • Appendicitis
  • Gall stones
  • Reflux
  • Colon problems that require surgery
  • Morbid obesity
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Trauma to the spleen
  • Ruptured spleen
  • Tumors of the adrenal glands
  • Feeding tube placement for a variety of conditions
  • Pancreatitis
  • Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract
  • Infections that need to be treated with surgery
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Trauma
  • Conditions requiring kidney removal, such as kidney cancer, a kidney that does not function, and a congenitally small kidney
  • Obesity-related health conditions, including high blood pressure, diabetes, heart and blood vessel disease, arthritis and high cholesterol.

To make an appointment with Premier Medical Services Physicians – General Surgery, call +2348023291393